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LTD shareholders as a company subject to VAT according to § 2 UStG 0 3051

In the previous post, we reported on the information letters from the tax offices regarding the Federal Ministry of Finance's letter dated December 30, 2020.

These letters are currently being supplemented by letters informing the LTD shareholder personally of a VAT number, or announcing the allocation of VAT numbers. Usually, these letters refer to the Federal Ministry of Finance's letter dated December 30, 2020, and additionally note that the LTD will continue to be treated as a subject of corporate tax due to the Brexit Tax Accompanying Act.

As a result, the tax offices assume that taxes for LTDs will be declared using two tax numbers in the future. The existing tax number of the LTD will continue to be used for the corporate tax declaration. A VAT number assigned personally to the entrepreneur will be used for VAT declarations.

These letters typically do not come with legal remedy instructions but are likely to have regulatory content and thus represent an administrative act against which legal remedies are permissible.

You can download a non-binding sample of a corresponding objection further below. Before possibly initiating legal action, you should ...  

Letter from the Tax Office Recognizing the Limited Company after Brexit

BMF Letter dated 12/30/2020 0 3218

Currently, tax offices are sending out informational letters, referring to the BMF letter dated December 30, 2020. In these letters, the tax offices inform that, according to the BMF letter dated December 30, 2020, a Limited company will no longer be treated as a corporation starting from January 1, 2021.

We have already provided our legal assessment on this matter in several posts.

If these are purely informational letters from the tax office, we suggest the following non-binding letter, although you should also coordinate the approach with your tax advisor beforehand. If needed, you can also download the letter in Word format. Alternatively, we are of course also available for individual legal advice. However, always pay special attention to whether the letters to you or the LTD contain binding statements with specific regulations and/or a legal remedy instruction. In such cases, it is necessary to examine separately whether legal remedies...

The Legal Capacity of the Limited after Brexit

Article 54 TFEU, BGH (Trabrennbahn) and BFH jurisprudence 0 3293

As of 12/31/2020, the United Kingdom has notably exited the EU internal market.

What implications does this have for the Limited in Germany?

First, it should be noted that this question is currently not uniformly answered. Ultimately, it will have to be resolved by the courts.

However, the blanket statement that the Limited in Germany is no longer legally valid because this corresponds to the supreme court jurisprudence in Germany seems premature. Such representations were mainly spread by authorities in mass circulars to Limiteds.

It is true that the BFH in its decision (resolution of January 8, 2019, II B 62/18) among other things, determined that the legal capacity is governed by the so-called incorporation theory if a company is effectively established in an EU member state, a member of the EEA, or a state treated as equivalent to these on the basis of a treaty in terms of freedom of establishment according to its regulations. This initially means that EU companies and companies from states with which a corresponding treaty has been concluded are legally valid in Germany, and the company in Germany is additionally recognized as a corporation with corresponding limited liability to the company assets.

If the company is not from such a state, it can still be legally valid (as a partnership) if it has more than one shareholder. However, it will not be recognized as a corporation. Thus, there is personal liability for the shareholders.

Interim result: According to BFH jurisprudence, companies are legally valid if they have at least two shareholders or are effectively established ...